National Parks & Sanctuaries in India
Pench National Park
Tiger Reserve is named after the Pench River, which flows from north to south
through the Reserve. The Reserve is located in the southern reaches of the Satpura
hill range in the Seoni and Chhindwara districts in the Madhya Pradesh State
of India. The terrain is undulating, with most of the area covered by small
hills, steeply sloping on the sides.
The reserve is situated in an area that holds a significant place in the natural
history of the Central India. The description of its natural beauty, richness
if flora and fauna has appeared in numerous wildlife books dating back to
17th century. Books written in the 19th and early 20th century by famous naturalists
like Captain J. Forsyth and Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book explicity present
the detailed panorama of nature's abundance in this tract.
An extensive forest belt extends in three directions, east and south, covering
forest tracts of Seoni, Balaghat and Nagpur districts. The contiguous forest
forest on the southern side in the Maharashtra state of India, initially notified
as Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park has been recently included in the Project
Tiger networkby the sane name as this Reserve. A dam has been constructed on
the Pench River on southeastern boundary of the Reserve.
As the prey concentration is high along the Pench river, tigers usually inhabit
this belt. Leopards, though, generally operate in the peripheral areas but
are occasionally seen in deep forest also. Jungle cats are common seen. Leopard
cats Small Indian Civets and Palm Civets are common but seen rarely.
Wild dogs are commonly seen in packs of up to 15, near Chhedia, Jamtara, Bodanala
and Pyorthadi areas of the Reserve. Wild Boar is ubiquitous. Sloth bear occupy
hilly, rocky out crops and favour mahul bel infested forst. Chinkara is present
in very small number and is found in open areas around Turia, Telia, and Dudhgaon
villages. Jackals are seen occasionally near Tekadi, Alikatta and Chhindimatta
Ranthambore National Park
Tiger Reserve in the Indian state of Rajasthan comprises distinct areas with
varied conservation history and virtually separated geographically, with mere
narrow corridors linking them to the core, Ranthambhore National Park, Keladeve
Sanctuary and Sawai Mansingh Sanctuary.
Earlier the hunting preserve of the Maharajas of Jaipur, the Park at Ranthambore
was once the scene of royal hunting parties. Today, it is famous for its tigers
and is one of the best places in the country to see these majestic predators
in the wild.
Ranthambore has large numbers of sambar, chital and nilgai. Among the other
local fauna are the leopard, hyena, jackal, jungle cats, sloth bear and marsh
crocodile. Jacanas. painted sto-k. hiaci-. stork, and white necked stork are
seen along the water bodies.
Best Time to Visit: October to June.
Sariska National Park
Tiger Reserve lies in the Alwar district of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It
is a prime a tiger country. The forest is typical dry deciduous, dramatically
changing with the change in season. The terrain is undulating - plateaus and
wide valleys. Besides tiger, herbivores like spotted deer, sambar and blu bull
are commonly seen and found in a good density at Sarska.
The picturesque Siliserh Lake lies along the edge of the Sariska Tiger Reserve
and a charming hunting lodge overlooking it, is a marvelous place for visitors
The dry Deciduous forests of the ancient Aravalli range, are excellent tiger
country and Sariska, was once the royal reserve of the rulers of "Alwa''.
Declared a sanctuary in 1955, it became a Tiger Reserve in 1979 under Project
Best Time to Visit : October to June.